Fast Direct Solvers for Elliptic PDEs

Speaker: 
Gunnar Martinsson, University of Colorado - Applied Mathematics
Date: 
Feb 10 2014 - 4:30pm
Event type: 
PACM Colloquium
Room: 
Fine 214
Abstract: 

That the linear systems arising upon the discretization of elliptic PDEs can be solved very efficiently is well-known, and many successful iterative solvers with linear complexity have been constructed (multigrid, Krylov methods, etc). Interestingly, it has recently been demonstrated that it is often possible to directly compute an approximate inverse to the coefficient matrix in linear (or close to linear) time. The talk will survey some recent work in the field and will argue that direct solvers have several advantages, including improved stability and robustness, and dramatic improvements in speed in certain environments. Moreover, the direct solvers being proposed have low communication costs, and are better suited to parallel implementations than many previously
existing fast solvers.